Torture is best understood as a social institution rather than a set of techniques. As Dr. Stephen Miles has observed, "torturing societies create laws, policies and justifications that enable torture by empowering and protecting institutions that practice or are complicit in torture. Through fear and propaganda, torturing societies secure acquiescence in torture from citizens as well as the press, the legal and medical professions, politicians, bureaucrats and others."
The conference will explore how sectors of society actively or passively help entrench torture as a social institution. It will also highlight individual and institutional acts of resistance to torture and the creation of torturing societies. Special attention will be paid to the role of lawyers and the access to justice challenges raised by the problem of torture and national security in Canada.
Day 1 March 3, 2nd Floor, Canterbury College, University of Windsor (at the corner of University & Sunset Ave., across from the Law Faculty)
8:30 Light Breakfast
9:00 Welcome, Dr. Ranjana Bird, Vice President-Research and Reem Bahdi, Conference Chair and Associate Professor, Law, University of Windsor
9:15 – 10:00 Opening Address
Julia Hall, Counter-Terrorism Expert, Amnesty International, Europe and Central Asia Programme, Seeking Accountability in an Environment of Impunity
10:00 – 11:00 Access to Justice in Social and Institutional Context
Kerry Pither, Human Rights Activist and Author of Dark Days: The Story of Four Canadians Tortured in the Name of Fighting Terror (Winner of the 2009 Ottawa Book Award for Non-Fiction and a Quill and Quire Book of the Year), From O’Connor To Iacobucci, What Have We Learned About Public Inquiries?
Faisal Kutty, Assistant Professor, Valparaiso University, Faculty of Law, Policing Muslim Communities: Clash or Dialogue of Civilizations?
Jasminka Kalajdzic, Assistant Professor, University of Windsor, Faculty of Law, Is Access to Justice Possible For The Wrongfully Targeted?
11:00 - 11:20 Break
11:20 – 12:20 Transfers To Torture?
Sharryn Aiken, Associate Professor, Queen’s University, Faculty of Law, Judicial Responses to Immigration Decision-Making in Canada and the United States
Sukanya Pillay, Director, National Security Programme, Canadian Civil Liberties Association, Canada and Afghan Detainees: The NGO Response
Abdel Salam Sidahmed, Associate Professor, University of Windsor, Political Science, Context and Patterns of Torture in Some Middle Eastern Countries
12:20– 1:30 Lunch
1:30 – 2:30 Foreign Affairs and Civil Servants
Michael Bell, Paul Martin Senior Chair, University of Windsor, former Ambassador to Israel, Egypt, Jordan and the Palestinian Territories, What Causes Terrorism?
Gar Pardy, former Director General of Consular Services, Foreign Affairs, Torture and National Security
Amir Attaran, Associate Professor, University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law, Civil Servant Ethics: The Colvin Affair
2:30 – 3:15 Brokering Access to Information: The Media
Jim Bronskill, Reporter for The Canadian Press / Lecturer, Carleton University School of Journalism and Communication, Covering Torture and National Security
Peter Desbarats, OC, former Dean, University of Western Ontario, School of Journalism, Ethical Journalism: The Media’s Responsibility In Reporting About Torture
3:15 Closing Remarks
3:30 – 5:30 Reception, (move to Conference Room, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor)
Address By The Honourable Allan Lutfy, Chief Justice of the Federal Court, Torture and National Security: The Role of the Federal Court
Day 2 March 4, 2nd floor, Canterbury College
8:30 Light Breakfast
9:00 – 9:45 Opening Address
Alex Neve, Secretary General, Amnesty International, Canada, Reflections On Canada, Torture and National Security
9:45 – 10:25 The Promise and Perils of Litigation
Nicole Chrolavicius, BakerLaw, Litigating Covert Action and the “Benatta Remedy”
Audrey Macklin, Professor, University of Toronto, Faculty of Law, Omar Khadr at the Supreme Court of Canada
10:25 – 11:15 Territorial Knowledge and Globalized Practices
William Conklin, Professor, University of Windsor, Faculty of Law, Statelessness, National Security and Territorial Knowledge
Reem Bahdi, Associate Professor, University of Windsor, Faculty of Law, Shades of Tort Law in Anti-Terrorism’s Torture: The Non-Delegable Duty To Protect Nationals From Torture Overseas?
Hadayt Nazami, Jackman and Associates, National Security and Globalization
11:15 – 11:35 Break
11:35 – 12:20 The Military and Its Obligations
David Mutimer, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Centre for International and Security Studies, York University, Torturing Forces? The Canadian Military and the Problem of Afghan Detainees
Chris Waters, Associate Professor and Associate Dean, University of Windsor, Faculty of Law, Is The Military Legally Encircled?
12:20 – 1:20 Keynote Address
Philippe Sands, Professor of International Law, University College London, (author of numerous books including Torture Team which investigates the origins and analyzes the legality of the Bush administration’s torture policies and practices).
1:20 - 2:30 Lunch
2:30 – 3:30 Brokering Access to Justice: The Legal Profession
David Tanovich, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Windsor, What Do Codes of Conduct Demand of Lawyers in the Department of Justice?
Paul Copeland, Copeland Duncan, Ethical Lawyering Encounters Torture and National Security
Paul Champ, Champ and Associates, The Lawyer as Gatekeeper To Justice
3:30 – 4:30 Encountering Torture: Imagination As Social Practice
Karen Engle, Assistant Professor, University of Windsor, Sociology and Anthropology, Lynndie England At Abu Ghraib: Sexism and Post- 9/11 Imagery
R. Cheran, Assistant Professor, University of Windsor, Sociology and Anthropology, Inside and Outside the Torture Machine
Jeffrey Noonan, Associate Professor and Head, University of Windsor, Department of Philosophy, Inhuman Reason: Hypothetical Arguments and the Justification of Torture
4:30 – 5:30 Closing Remarks & Closing Reception
Programme Subject to Change
Julia Hall: Julia Hall is a human rights lawyer and Amnesty International’s expert on counter-terrorism and human rights in Europe in the organization’s international secretariat in London, England. She has conducted extensive research and advocacy in a number of areas, including: the prohibition against torture; unlawful (“extraordinary”) rendition; the nonrefoulement obligation; the use of diplomatic assurances; administrative and preventive detention; oversight of intelligence agencies; the use of control orders; and unfair trial procedures, including the use of special advocates and secret evidence. Hall was former senior legal counsel in the Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Program at Human Rights Watch, where she worked from 1996-2009. She has authored numerous reports, articles, and amicus briefs on a range of counterterrorism topics; conducted sustained advocacy at UN, Council of Europe, European Union, and national levels; and served as an expert in individual cases before UN treaty-bodies, the European Court of Human Rights, the UK Special Immigration Appeals Commission, the Commission of Inquiry into the Actions of Canadian Officials in Relation to Maher Arar, and in US federal court. In July 2008, she monitored the military commission of Salim Hamdan, Osama bin Laden’s former driver, at Guantanamo Bay. Hall is a member of the International Bar Association’s Terrorism Task Force.
Kerry Pither: Kerry has worked for almost twenty years as a human rights and civil liberties advocate on a wide range of local, regional, national and international issues. For several years Kerry volunteered with the East Timor Alert Network, helping to expose how Canadian trade and relations with Indonesia’s military dictatorship were helping to fuel human rights abuses in illegally-occupied East Timor. After East Timor gained its independence, Kerry continued her social justice work, volunteering and working professionally as a strategist and organizer on a wide range of issues. In May 2003, eight months into the struggle for the release of her husband, Maher Arar, Monia Mazigh approached Kerry for strategic support. Kerry went on to play a coordinating role in the last five months of the campaign for Maher’s release. She also coordinated and advised 18 interveners at the Arar Inquiry. When the Iacobucci Inquiry was established, Kerry researched and authored an extensive chronology for the interveners, highlighting the questions the Iacobucci Inquiry should answer. It was around that time that several people, including Alex Neve, the Globe and Mail’s Jeff Sallot and Maher Arar encouraged Kerry to write a book on the cases, and she did. Kerry’s first book, Dark Days: The Story of Four Canadians Tortured in the Name of Fighting Terror, was published by Penguin Canada on August 26, 2008. Kerry has pledged any profits she makes from sales of this book to Amnesty International Canada.
Faisal Kutty: Faisal practices in a broad range of areas including non-profit/charity law, Islamic finance, civil litigation, human rights and alternative dispute resolution. He has advised and acted for a number of the leading Islamic Finance companies and charities in Canada. He has also acted on behalf of individuals and institutions caught up in anti-terrorism investigations. Faisal is a Visiting Assistant Professor at Valparaiso University School of Law, Valparaiso, Indiana and an adjunct professor of comparative law at Osgoode Hall Law School. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate at Osgoode Hall Law School. His dissertation examines the impact of anti-terrorism legislation and policies on the rule of law. He is also currently completing his Diploma in Islamic Banking from the International Institute of Islamic Banking and Insurance (London, U.K.). He is a regular commentator on anti-terrorism law, national security, constitutional law, human rights and the Muslim community in Canada. Faisal’s analysis has been sought out by papers around the world. Faisal is past Vice-Chair and former legal counsel of the Canadian Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR-CAN), a board member of the Islamic Social Services Association of North America, and he serves as the General Counsel for the Canadian-Muslim Civil Liberties Association. He also serves on the Board of Advisors of Children of Hope.
Jasminka Kalajdzic: Professor Kalajdzic practiced civil litigation at prominent firms in both Toronto and Windsor for 12 years prior to joining the Faculty full-time in July 2009. As a sessional instructor at the Faculty of Law, she was selected by students for the Faculty Association’s teaching and mentorship award in 2007. Her research and teaching interests include empirical investigations of class action litigation, critical analysis of anti-terrorism law and policy, particularly as it relates to the laws of evidence, and access to justice. Her published scholarly work focuses on access to justice and international law, equality and national security. She has also written popular articles for the Globe and Mail, Lawyers Weekly and The Law Times. Professor Kalajdzic represented Abdullah Almalki before the Iacobucci Inquiry. She is currently writing a book about class actions litigation and access to justice.
Sharryn Aiken: Sharry Aiken is Associate Professor at Queen’s University Faculty of Law. Her teaching areas include Immigration and Refugee Law, Administrative Law, Law and Poverty, International Human Rights Law and Public International Law. Her current scholarship engages with the controversies, complexities and challenges posed by immigration and border security measures as well as the impact of these measures on asylum seekers, refugees and the communities they have established in Canada. A parallel research interest concerns the nature and meaning ascribed to citizenship in ethnically divided societies. Sharry has represented the Canadian Council for Refugees in a number of interventions in the Supreme Court of Canada, including the cases of Suresh as well as Charkaoui, Almrei and Harkat.
Sukanya Pillay: Sukanya Pillay joined the Canadian Civil Liberties Association in October 2009 as Director of the National Security Program. She was previously a law professor at the University of Windsor Faculty of Law (2002-2008), in-house legal counsel for Hutchison Telecommunications in India (2000-2002), Director of the Law & Human Rights Program at TVE International New York office (1998-2000), and Program Director of Witness with the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights (now Human Rights First), New York (1995-1998). She has conducted over twenty missions to conflict zones worldwide in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and has appeared before UN treaty bodies and Canadian courts on human rights issues, and represented clients or presented expert evidence before administrative and judicial bodies in the US, India, Canada, and Europe. Sukanya has authored many papers and won the Holmes-Cardozo award for outstanding conference paper from the American Academy of Legal Studies in Business, an Award for Excellence in Research from the University of Windsor (2005), and an Outstanding Faculty Member Award from the Students Law Society Windsor (2003). She graduated with a JD from the University of Windsor (1990), became a member of the Ontario Bar in 1992, and received an LL.M. in international legal studies from NYU School of Law (1994) where she was a graduate editor of the Journal of International Law and Politics. She worked at Davies Partners in Toronto (1992-1993), articled at Borden & Elliot (now Borden Ladner Gervais, Toronto) (1990-1991), clerked with the Ontario Court of Justice (1994-1995), and was seconded to work on the First Civil Justice Review with the Honourable Justice Robert Blair. Sukanya also makes documentary films on issues relating to human rights, and her films have appeared in international film festivals, and have been broadcast on BBC World and CNN International. Her photography on human rights issues has been shown in Canada and the US and covered by the CBC.
Abdel Salam Sidahmed: Abdel Salam Sidahmed is Associate Professor, Political Science Department, University of Windsor, Canada. Dr. Sidahmed teaches International human rights, Islamic and politics Middle Eastern, and Developing World Politics. His research interests include contemporary Islamism, Sudanese affairs, and the contemporary application of Shari‘a laws in Muslim countries. His publications include: Sudan [The contemporary Middle East Series] (RutledgeCurzon, 2005); Politics and Islam in Contemporary Sudan, (Curzon Press, 1997); Co-editor and Contributor of Islamic Fundamentalism, (Westview Press, 1996); additionally he published within his field of interest various articles in academic journals and book chapters in edited works. Before joining the University of Windsor, he worked as a researcher and Middle East Program Director at the International Secretariat of Amnesty International in the UK.
Michael Bell: Michael Bell is currently the Paul Martin (Sr.) Senior Scholar on International Diplomacy at the University of Windsor, where he teaches on the law and politics of the modern Middle East. He is also engaged in a major study on the future governance of Jerusalem’s Old City. As former Chair of the Donor Committee of the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq, Bell has had considerable experience in conflict management, mediation, peace-building, peace-keeping, policy analysis and formulation, governance, human rights, civil society and economic and social development. Bell is a former Canadian Foreign Service Officer with 36 years experience in the Department of Foreign Affairs, mostly focused on the Middle East. He was Canada's Ambassador to Jordan (1987-90), Egypt (1994-98), and Israel (1990-92 and 1999- 2003). He was Executive Assistant for Middle East Affairs to the Honourable Robert Stanfield (1978-79), Director of the Middle East Relations Division (1983-87), Director General for Central and Eastern Europe (1992-94) and Fellow at the Weatherhead Centre for International Affairs at Harvard University (1998-99). From 2003-2005 he was Senior Scholar on Diplomacy at the Munk Centre for International Studies, at the University of Toronto. Mr. Bell has been a contributor to the Globe and Mail. He has also published in the Literary Review of Canada, the Behind the Headlines series of the Canadian Institute of International Affairs, Ideas: the Arts and Science Review of the University of Toronto, the International Journal, and the Journal of International Law and International Relations.
H. G. (Gar) Pardy: Gar Pardy is the son of the Rock and his early education was in Norris Arm and Gander. He first worked for the Meteorological Service of Canada in Gander, Goose Bay and then Frobisher Bay. Following an honours degree from Acadia University and a Master’s from McMaster, he joined the Canadian Foreign Service in 1967. He served in India, Kenya, the United States and Central America where he was Ambassador to Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama. In the late ‘80s he was Director of the Asia Pacific Division in headquarters at the Department of Foreign Affairs and became a noted expert in Asian affairs. From 1992 to 2003 he was head of the Canadian Consular Service, during which time he computerized telecommunications within Canada’s consular service; this system has been the envy of and copied by many other Governments, for use by their Foreign Services. He also created a crisis management centre in Ottawa which has been adopted by governments around the world. He retired in 2003 and since has been a commentator and writer on issues of Canadian foreign and public policy. He lives in Ottawa.
Amir Attaran: Amir Attaran is by training both a biologist and lawyer, and currently Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair at the Institute of Population Health and the Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, Canada. Professor Attaran’s research emphasizes the subject of health, development and human security in poor countries. Professor Attaran’s peer-reviewed publications have appeared in the leading journals of both the legal and biomedical professions, including the Yale Journal of International Law, the Stanford Journal of International Law, The Lancet, Health Affairs, the Journal of the American Medical Association, PLoS Medicine and many others. He is also the author of a recent book (with Professor Brigitte Granville) on access to medicines in developing countries. Currently he is an Editorial Consultant to The Lancet, the world’s leading medical journal and on the editorial writing team of CMAJ. Professor Attaran is a recognized authority on global development and governance issues. His writing has appeared in the New York Times, the Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, and the Globe and Mail, among others. He is also frequently quoted in the print and broadcast media, and lectures widely to diverse audiences on public policy and global development, including at events such as the International AIDS Conference, the World Economic Forum in Davos, and the World Health Organization. He has testified by invitation before Canada’s Parliament and the U.S. Senate. Prior to accepting his current position at the University of Ottawa Professor Attaran held fellowships and lectureships at Harvard University, Yale University, and the Royal Institute of International Affairs in London. Professor Attaran has acted as policy advisor to numerous NGOs, the United Nations, governments and corporations. His past pro bono or paid clients include the Governments of Brazil and Malawi, Médecins Sans Frontières, Novartis, Pharmacia, the Sierra Legal Defence Fund, the UN Development Program, and the World Bank.
Jim Bronskill: Jim Bronskill is lecturer at Carleton University School of Journalism and reporter in the Ottawa bureau of The Canadian Press news agency, specializing in security and intelligence, the RCMP and justice-related issues. He has considerable experience using information laws to uncover stories. Before joining CP in November 2003, Jim was a reporter with Southam News (now CanWest News Service). He previously held various positions at CP and has also worked for the Ottawa Citizen, the Owen Sound Sun Times and TVOntario. Jim holds a master's degree in journalism from Carleton University. In each of the last two years, he and colleague Sue Bailey were National Newspaper Award finalists for investigative stories on Taser stun guns. In 2002, Jim received two Canadian Association of Journalists awards, including one for best overall investigative report, for stories he co-wrote with David Pugliese of the Citizen about the crackdown by security agencies on public dissent. Two years ago he and Bailey won the National Justicia Award for a series on how the justice system often fails the mentally ill. Jim was part of a team that collaborated with the CBC/Radio-Canada to earn the 2008 Michener Award for their ongoing series on RCMP Taser use.
Peter Desbarats: Peter Desbarats was Dean of the Graduate School of Journalism at Western from 1981 to 1997. Prior to joining Western, he worked as a print and television journalist for 30 years, primarily covering politics. His last media positions before entering academia were as national affairs columnist for The Toronto Star and Ottawa Bureau Chief and co-anchor for Global Television. During the final years of his appointment at Western, Desbarats was seconded to serve as one of three commissioners of the Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia. This inquiry was appointed by the Canadian government to investigate misconduct by Canadian soldiers in Somalia in 1992-93. The experience formed the basis for Desbarats' book Somalia Cover-Up – A Commissioner's Journal (1997). Desbarats has authored a number of research reports for federal inquiries examining aspects of media and communications and is cited frequently in the media as an authority on Canadian journalism. He is the author of the journalism text Guide to Canadian News Media (1996).In addition to his work as a journalist, Desbarats has published widely in a variety of genres, including children's books, plays, and political analysis, including a best-selling biography of René Lévesque (1976). His most recent plays, the political comedies Her Worship (2002) and The Practical Joke (2005), were produced on the McManus Stage of the Grand Theatre in London, Ontario. Desbarats is a Director of the Canadian Journalism Foundation, was the founding Chair of its annual Excellence Award, and continues to serve on its adjudication committee. He is also a director of the Canadian Civil Liberties Association and in 2006 was named an Officer of the Order of Canada.
The Honourable Allan Lutfy: The Honourable Allan Lutfy was appointed to the Federal Court in 1996 and became its Chief Justice on July 2, 2003. Prior to his appointment to the judiciary, he specialized in civil litigation and administrative law before the courts of Québec and Ontario. He acted as counsel before a number of commissions of inquiry concerning national security, the state of competition in the petroleum industry and the use of drugs in sports. He was also counsel to the Security Intelligence Review Committee and to the Canadian Parliamentary Press Gallery. Between 1973 and 1979, he was a political advisor with the federal government. He was born in Montréal where he studied at Loyola College and graduated in civil law from McGill University in 1967. In December 1979, he married Brigitte Lord and they are the parents of three children: Pierre, Patrick and Caroline.
Alex Neve: Alex Neve has been Secretary General of Amnesty International Canada since January 2000. He has been a member of Amnesty for over twenty years, having joined when he was a student at Dalhousie University. He has worked for the organization nationally and internationally in a number of different roles, including research missions to Chad, Tanzania, Guinea, Mexico, Burundi, Colombia, Honduras, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. He has appeared before various UN human rights bodies, Canadian parliamentary committees and has represented Amnesty International at numerous international meetings. He speaks and writes regularly in the national media on a range of human rights topics. Alex is a lawyer, with a Master’s Degree in International Human Rights Law from the University of Essex in the United Kingdom, and undergraduate commerce and law degrees from Dalhousie. He has practiced law in Toronto, privately and in a community legal aid clinic, primarily in the areas of refugee and immigration law. He has taught international human rights and refugee law at Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto and has been affiliated with the Centre for Refugee Studies at York University. Prior to taking up his current position he served as a Member of Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Board.
Nicole Chrolavicius: Nicole Chrolavicius is an associate at BakerLaw where she works in the areas of human rights and constitutional law. She completed a Bachelor's degree in philosophy and literature from Queen's University before attending the University of Western Ontario, Faculty of Law, where she was named Valedictorian and graduated with distinction in 2000. She was the recipient of numerous academic awards including an award for the highest standing in her first year of the LL.B. program and a Faculty Association scholarship in law. After graduation, Nicole clerked for the Honourable Mr. Justice Major of the Supreme Court of Canada. Following her clerkship, Nicole was called to the Ontario Bar in 2002 and took a position as a general litigation lawyer in a large Canadian law firm. She left the firm to pursue graduate studies abroad and obtained her B.C.L. degree from Oxford University in 2004, with a specialization in human rights. Nicole lived in London, England for two years where she ran the charity arm of one of the UK's leading human rights organizations, providing free legal advice to members of the public and winning an award for coordinating the Pro Bono Activity of the Year in 2005. While in London, she also worked as an HIV and AIDS campaigner and activist at an international development organization. Nicole has co-authored a book on privacy law in the UK, entitled Blackstone's Guide to the Identity Cards Act 2006 published by Oxford University Press.
Audrey Macklin: Audrey Macklin is a professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto. She holds law degrees from Yale and Toronto, and a Bachelor of Science degree from Alberta. After graduating from Toronto, she served as law clerk to Mme Justice Bertha Wilson at the Supreme Court of Canada. She was appointed to the faculty of Dalhousie Law School in 1991, promoted to Associate Professor 1998, moved to the University of Toronto in 2000, and became a full professor in 2009. While teaching at Dalhousie, she also served as a member of the Immigration and Refugee Board. Professor Macklin’s teaching areas include criminal law, administrative law, and immigration and refugee law. Her research and writing interests include transnational migration, citizenship, forced migration, feminist and cultural analysis, and human rights. She has published on these subjects in journals such as Refuge and Canadian Woman Studies, and in collections of essays such as The Security of Freedom: Essays on Canada's Anti-Terrorism Bill and Engendering Forced Migration. Professor Macklin has been active in the Omar Khadr case for several years and her analysis is frequently sought out by national and international media.
William Conklin: Bill Conklin teaches in the Faculty of Law and the Graduate Faculty in the Philosophy program at the University of Windsor. He has recently published Hegel’s Laws: the legitimacy of a modern legal order (2008) with Stanford University Press and has been the Editor in Chief of the Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, 2004-08, including the first two volumes. He also has authored five books, co-edited 8 volumes, and authored over 45 articles in the fields of Jurisprudence, Social Theory, Constitutional Law, International Human Rights Law and Literary Theory. His Le savoir oublié de experience des lois (Quebec: Laval University Press) is to be published in 2010. He has also been awarded the “Special Recognition Award, 2006” and the “Senior University Scholar, 2007” by the University of Windsor. Studies on Roman law and legal theory are forthcoming. Bill has recently been a Visiting Professor at the University of London (Birkbeck College School of Law) and has taught at the University of Toronto and York University as well as at Carleton and Ryerson Universities. He has been a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law (Cambridge University), Clare Hall College (Cambridge), the Northrop Frye Centre for the Humanities (Victoria College, University of Toronto), Massey College (Toronto), Stanford University, and the Jurisprudence and Social Policy Program at the University of California (Berkeley). Bill is a Life member of Clare Hall College, Cambridge University.
Reem Bahdi: Reem Bahdi joined the Faculty of Law at the University of Windsor in 2002. Her current research focuses on two areas. The first concentrates on the human rights dimensions of national security laws and policies in Canada. The second focuses on access to justice in the Palestinian context. Reem is Co-Director of KARAMAH, The Project on Judicial Independence and Human Dignity, a multi-million dollar initiative which aims to support access to justice in Palestine through research, continuing judicial education and directed civil society engagement. She is the Editor-in-Chief of the Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice, a board member of the International Association of Law Schools and a board member of the BC Civil Liberties Association. Professor Bahdi teaches courses in Torture and National Security, Access to Justice, and Torts. She was awarded the Student Law Society Faculty Award for exemplary teaching and dedication to Windsor Law in 2008 and the University of Windsor Faculty Recognition Award in 2005. She is currently writing a book about racial profiling and national security.
Hadayt Nazami: Hadayt Nazami holds a B.A. and M.A. from York University and an LL.B from Osgoode Hall Law School. He is in private practice with Barbara Jackman, specializing in immigration, refugee and national security law, with particular emphasis on advancing human rights protections. His practice regularly engages national security matter. For example, he was part of a team that acted for Hassan Almrei who is subject to a security certificate in the Federal Court and Federal Court of Appeal. He also acted for Ahmad El Maati before the Iacobucci Inquiry which found that El Maati was detained and tortured abroad with Canadian officials’ involvement. Hadayt continues to act as co-counsel for Ahmad El Maati and Muayyed Nureddin in their civil actions against the government of Canada. He also serves as counsel for the Canadian Arab Federation which is challenging the decision of the Minister of Immigration to cut funding to CAF’s language program and is counsel for George Galloway, British M.P., challenging the decision of the Minister of Immigration Canada barring him from entering Canada.
David Mutimer: David Mutimer is Associate Professor, Political Science at York University and Deputy Director, Centre for International and Security Studies as well as Coordinator, Graduate Diploma in International and Security Studies. His research considers issues of contemporary international security through lenses provided by critical social theory, as well as inquiring into the reproduction of security in and through popular culture. Much of that work has focused on weapons proliferation as a reconfigured security concern in the post-cold war era, and has tried to open possibilities for alternative means of thinking about the security problems related to arms more generally. In the past few years this programme of research has concentrated on small arms and light weapons. More recently he has turned his attention to the politics of the global war on terror, and of the regional wars around the world presently being fought by Canada and its allies. His present research projects include Arms Control and Disarmament for the Twenty-First Century: Conceptual Development for a New Era (with Neil Cooper); Military Education and the New Security Agenda (MENSA); Drawing Conclusions: Editorial Cartoons and the Response to 9/11; and, Post-Conflict? Reflecting on Post-s in a Conflict-prone world.
Christopher Waters: Christopher Waters joined the Faculty of Law in July 2007 and was appointed Associate Dean in July 2009. His previous academic post was at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom and in the 2006-2007 academic year he was a Visiting Research Fellow in the Changing Character of War Programme at Oxford University. Dr. Waters' research interests are in the areas of public international law, the law of armed conflict, military law, post-conflict reconstruction, law and politics of Eastern Europe and legal professions. He has extensive field experience in the Caucasus and Balkans, including with the UN/OSCE's Kosovo Mission in 1999-2000, and has been interviewed on Eastern European issues by domestic and international media including CTV, National Public Radio, The New York Times and Agence France Presse. On several occasions he has been deployed by Canada as a monitor for elections in Eastern Europe and has frequently addressed military audiences in Canada and the UK on law of armed conflict issues. In 2009 Dr. Waters received the Windsor Student Law Society Faculty Award for teaching and a University Special Recognition Award for Excellence in Research.
Philippe Sands: Philippe Sands is Professor of Law and Director of the Centre on International Courts and Tribunals at University College London Faculty of Laws, and a key member of staff in the Centre for Law and the Environment. His teaching areas include public international law, the settlement of international disputes (including arbitration), and environmental and natural resources law. Philippe is a regular commentator on the BBC and CNN and writes frequently for leading newspapers. He has previously held academic positions at the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies, Kings College London and , University of Cambridge and was a Global Professor of Law at New York University from 1995-2003. He was co-founder of FIELD (Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development), and established the programmes on Climate Change and Sustainable Development. He is a member of the Advisory Boards of the European Journal of International Law and Review of European Community and International Environmental Law (Blackwell Press). As a practicing barrister, Philippe Sands has extensive experience litigating cases before the International Court of Justice, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, and the European Court of Justice. He frequently advises governments, international organizations, NGOs and the private sector on aspects of international law. In 2003 he was appointed a Queen's Counsel. He has been appointed to lists of arbitrators maintained by ICSID and the PCA. Professor Sands directs the Project on International Courts and Tribunals (www.pict-pcti.org).
Professor Sands has authored or co-authored/edited numerous books including the critically acclaimed Torture Team, Lawless World, Documents in International Environmental Law, Cambridge University Press, 2004 (edited with Paolo Galizzi), From Nuremberg to The Hague: The Future of International Criminal Justice, Cambridge University Press, 2003 (editor), Principles of International Environmental Law, Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, Justice for Crimes Against Humanity, Hart Publishing, 2003 (edited with Mark Lattimer), Bowett's Law of International Institutions, Sweet & Maxwell, 5th edition, 2001 (co-author with Pierre Klein, Universite Libre de Bruxelles), Environmental Law, The Economy and Sustainable Development (co-edited with Richard Stewart and Richard Revesz) Cambridge University Press, 2000, The Manual of International Courts and Tribunals (with Shany and Mackenzie), Butterworths, 1999, The International Court of Justice and Nuclear Weapons (collection of essays edited with Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, Cambridge University Press, 1999), Principles of International Environmental Law, Manchester University Press, 1995 (Vols. I, II and III); 2nd edition by Cambridge University Press), Greening International Law (editor), Earthscan, 1993, Chernobyl: Law and Communication, 340 pp.(Grotius Publications/Cambridge University Press) 1988 plus articles on international, environmental and natural resources law.
David M. Tanovich: David M. Tanovich is a Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Windsor where he teaches and writes in the areas of criminal law, evidence, legal ethics, and racial profiling. He is also the Academic Director of Windsor’s Law Enforcement Accountability Project (LEAP). Professor Tanovich has written over 40 books and articles, including The Colour of Justice: Policing Race in Canada (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2006). Professor Tanovich’s research has been frequently cited by the Supreme Court of Canada and other appellate courts, law reform and human rights commissions. It has also been recognized in various awards such as the 2005 University of Windsor Award for Excellence in Scholarship, Research and Creative Activity and 2006 Canadian Association of Law Teachers’ Scholarly Paper Award. Professor Tanovich’s current research focuses on law students and sexual assault. Prior to joining the academy, Professor Tanovich served as a law clerk to Chief Justice Antonio Lamer of the Supreme Court of Canada for the 1995 term and as a partner with Pinkofsky Lockyer (1997-2003) where he argued more than 90 cases in the Supreme Court of Canada and Ontario Court of Appeal. Some of his more notable cases include R. v. Golden where the Supreme Court of Canada imposed constitutional limits on the ability of the police to strip-search suspects; R. v. Lyttle where the Supreme Court of Canada placed ethical limits on cross-examination; R. v. Richards, the first appellate case to argue racial profiling in Canada; R. v. Borde, where the Ontario Court of Appeal recognized that race is relevant in assessing sentence; and, R. v. Moore-McFarlane where the Ontario Court of Appeal held that the failure to video-tape a confession is a relevant factor in assessing admissibility.
Paul Copeland: Paul Copeland is partner at Copeland, Duncan where his practice is primarily focused on national security cases, criminal law, immigration law and civil litigation. He was called to the Bar in 1967 and has since received several awards and honours in recognition of his pursuit of access to justice. For example, in 2008, he was awarded the Law Union of Ontario Award: “A Founding Member, Constant Agitator and Leader, Creative and Tireless Counsel.” In 2007, he was appointed a Life Bencher of the Law Society of Upper Canada and also awarded the G. Arthur Martin Medal from the Criminal Lawyers Association of Ontario and the Faculty of Science Alumni of Honour from the University of Waterloo. Paul has served as an executive member to various legal organizations. For example, since 1994, he has served as Director of the Association in the Defence of the Wrongly Convicted (AIDWYC). He was counsel in the Supreme Court of Canada in 2006 for Mohamed Harkat, the case in which in February 2007 the Supreme Court held that the security certificate procedures in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act violated the fundamental justice provisions of Section 7 of the Canada Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In June 2008, he was appointed Special Advocate in the Harkat and Almrei security certificate cases June 2008, after having been granted Top Secret National Security clearance.
Paul Champ: Paul Champ is the founding partner of Ottawa law firm Champ & Associates. He is a litigation lawyer with a focus on human rights, employment, labour, and public interest law. Paul has acted as counsel in several important constitutional law cases dealing with fundamental human rights, and has developed a practice in national security law. Paul regularly acts as counsel to organizations such as Amnesty International and the British Columbia Civil Liberties Association, and his firm is a partner with the International Justice Network. Paul has defended the human rights of detainees in the custody of the Canadian military in Afghanistan, was involved in the Iacobucci Inquiry, and appeared before the Supreme Court of Canada in Canada v. Khadr. He was co-counsel in Abdelrazik v. Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Karen Engle: Karen Engle is Assistant Professor, Social Theory at the Department of Sociology & Anthropology at the University of Windsor, Canada. She teaches classical and contemporary theory, visual cultures, and feminist theories. Research interests include mourning, memory & history in relation to visual cultures, and the psychoanalysis of everyday life. Her recent book, Seeing Ghosts: 9/11 and the Visual Imagination is published by McGill-Queen’s University Press. Starting from the tremendous fascination with images of 9/11, the book asks what, in the context of a national trauma, makes an image appropriate or scandalous, exploring how diverse visual media have been mobilized in political projects of identification and personal narratives of empathy. Focusing on themes of memory, mourning, and history, Seeing Ghosts examines sculptural, photographic, and new media responses to the 9/11 attacks in both contemporary and historical contexts, considers the public's reaction to these visual productions, and suggests that earlier presentations of America at war play a pivotal role in the representations of 9/11 in both official and popular media. Seeing Ghosts is a groundbreaking theoretical study of how we remember, how we mourn, and how images of a particular event influence our imagination of the future.
R. Cheran: Dr. Cheran is Associate Professor at the University of Windsor in the Sociology and Anthropology Department. His research and teaching interests include transnationalism, forced migration and diasporic identities as well as Tamil Studies. From 1984 to 1992, Dr. Cheran was a working journalist in Sri Lanka where he was the editor and regular columnist for a biweekly newspaper that focused on human rights reporting in the context of Sri Lanka's civil war. He has published seven anthologies of poetry in Tamil. His poems have been translated into English, German, Sinhala, Kannada and Malayalam. He is the co-editor of Thamil ini (Kalachuvadu: 2000), selected papers from the international Tamil studies and Tamil literary conference held in Chennai, India in 2000. He is co-editor of books such as History and Imagination: Tamil Culture in the Global Context and Pathways of Dissent: Tamil Nationalism in Sri Lanka, and one of three contributors to the critically acclaimed anthology Wilting Laughter: Three Tamil Poets. Dr. Cheran is also a playwright and film director. In Search of the African Queen: A People Smuggling Operation (directed with Catherine Brainbridge) documents the forcible return of 192 Tamil refugees to Sri Lanka by the Canadian government in cooperation with the US and International Organization of Migration (IOM). The men were arrested in Sri Lanka and some were tortured.
Jeffrey Noonan: Dr. Noonan has his Ph.D. in Philosophy from McMaster University. He specializes in Social and Political Philosophy, Critical Theory, Democratic Theory, and Contemporary European Philosophy. His most recent work is focused on the underlying normative structure of environmental, social, political, economic, and cultural life-crises. He is currently completing a manuscript that diagnoses these problems for a life-grounded materialist perspective. He aims to develop a materialist ethics which argues that the good for human beings must be understood in the context of our finite, embodied nature, a nature which makes us liable to definite forms of objective harm. The overriding value of materialist ethics is to understand the social causes of objective harm and to supply normative justification for the sorts of political and social struggles necessary to overcome them. The human good which opens up once these social harms have been solved is the equal expression and enjoyment of the life-valuable capabilities which define us as self-conscious, active, creative, and caring human beings. Dr. Noonan serves on the Coordinating Committee for the centre for Social Justice, is co-editor of the journal Studies in Social Justice (www.studiesinsocialjustice.org), and managing editor and a major contributor to the Philosophy Theme component of the Encyclopaedia of Life-Support Systems, published electronically by the United Nation’s Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, (UNESCO). (www.eolss.net).